Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual: Vehicle Speed Signal Circuit between Radio Receiver and Combination Meter

Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual / Audio, Visual, Telematics / Audio / Video / Audio And Visual System(for Hv Model) / Vehicle Speed Signal Circuit between Radio Receiver and Combination Meter

DESCRIPTION

This circuit is necessary for the Automatic Sound Levelizer (ASL) built into the radio and display receiver assembly.

The Automatic Sound Levelizer (ASL) function automatically adjusts the audio system volume in order to compensate for increased vehicle noise (vehicle noise tends to increase as vehicle speed increases). The ASL adjusts the volume based on vehicle speed signals sent from the combination meter assembly.

HINT:

  • A voltage of 12 V or 5 V is output from each ECU and then input to the combination meter assembly. The signal is changed to a pulse signal at the transistor in the combination meter assembly. Each ECU controls its respective system based on this pulse signal.
  • If a short occurs in any of the ECUs or in the wire harness connected to an ECU, all systems in the following diagram will not operate normally.

WIRING DIAGRAM

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

  • Depending on the parts that are replaced during vehicle inspection or maintenance, performing initialization, registration or calibration may be needed. Refer to Precaution for Audio and Visual System.

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  • When replacing the radio and display receiver assembly, always replace it with a new one. If a radio and display receiver assembly which was installed to another vehicle is used, the following may occur:
    • A communication malfunction DTC may be stored.
    • The radio and display receiver assembly may not operate normally.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK VEHICLE SIGNAL (OPERATION CHECK)

(a) Enter the "Vehicle Signal Check Mode" screen. Refer to Check Vehicle Signal Check Mode in Operation Check.

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(b) While driving the vehicle, compare the value displayed for "SPEED" to the reading on the speedometer. Check if these readings are almost equal.

HINT:

The combination meter assembly receives the vehicle speed signal from the skid control ECU via CAN communication. Therefore, perform the following inspection referring to values on the Data List of the skid control ECU because it is the source of the vehicle speed signal.

OK:

Vehicle speed displayed on the "Vehicle Signal Check Mode" screen is almost the same as the actual vehicle speed measured using the Techstream.

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OK

PROCEED TO NEXT SUSPECTED AREA SHOWN IN PROBLEM SYMPTOMS TABLE

NG

2.

INSPECT COMBINATION METER ASSEMBLY (OUTPUT WAVEFORM)

(a) Check the output waveform.

(1) Remove the combination meter assembly with the connector still connected.

(2) Connect an oscilloscope to terminal G16-6 (+S) and body ground.

(3) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(4) Turn a wheel slowly.

(5) Check the signal waveform according to the condition(s) in the table below.

Item

Condition

Measurement terminal

G16-6 (+S) - Body ground

Tool setting

5 V/DIV., 20 ms./DIV.

Vehicle condition

Wheel being rotated

OK:

The waveform is similar to that shown in the illustration.

HINT:

When the system is functioning normally, one wheel revolution generates 4 pulses. As the vehicle speed increases, the width indicated by (A) in the illustration narrows.

*a

Component with harness connected

(Combination Meter Assembly)

NG

GO TO METER / GAUGE SYSTEM

OK

3.

INSPECT RADIO AND DISPLAY RECEIVER ASSEMBLY (INPUT WAVEFORM)

(a) Check the input waveform.

(1) Remove the radio and display receiver assembly with the connector still connected.

(2) Connect an oscilloscope to terminal G3-27 (SPD) and body ground.

(3) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(4) Turn a wheel slowly.

(5) Check the signal waveform according to the condition(s) in the table below.

Item

Condition

Measurement terminal

G3-27 (SPD) - Body ground

Tool setting

5 V/DIV., 20 ms./DIV.

Vehicle condition

Wheel being rotated

OK:

The waveform is similar to that shown in the illustration.

HINT:

When the system is functioning normally, one wheel revolution generates 4 pulses. As the vehicle speed increases, the width indicated by (A) in the illustration narrows.

*a

Component with harness connected

(Radio and Display Receiver Assembly)

OK

REPLACE RADIO AND DISPLAY RECEIVER ASSEMBLY

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

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