Toyota Avalon (XX50) 2019-2022 Service & Repair Manual: HO2S Heater Control Bank 1 Sensor 1 Circuit Short to Battery (P003012,P003013,P005012,P005013,P101A9E,P103A9E)

Toyota Avalon (XX50) 2019-2022 Service & Repair Manual / Engine / 2gr-fks Engine Control / Sfi System / HO2S Heater Control Bank 1 Sensor 1 Circuit Short to Battery (P003012,P003013,P005012,P005013,P101A9E,P103A9E)

DESCRIPTION

Refer to DTC P219519.

Click here

HINT:

  • When any of these DTCs are stored, the ECM enters fail-safe mode. The ECM turns off the air fuel ratio sensor heater in fail-safe mode. Fail-safe mode continues until the engine switch is turned off.
  • Although the DTC titles say oxygen sensor, these DTCs relate to the air fuel ratio sensor.
  • The ECM has a pulse width modulated control circuit to adjust the current through the heater. The air fuel ratio sensor heater circuit uses a relay on the +B side of the circuit.

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

MIL

Memory

Note

P003012

HO2S Heater Control Bank 1 Sensor 1 Circuit Short to Battery

Air fuel ratio sensor heater current reaches the high limit (1 trip detection logic).

  • Short in air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1) heater circuit
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1)
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P0032

P003013

HO2S Heater Control Bank 1 Sensor 1 Circuit Open

Air fuel ratio sensor heater current is less than 0.8 A, even when the air fuel ratio sensor heater duty cycle is 30% or higher (1 trip detection logic).

  • Open or short in air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1) heater circuit
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1)
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P0031

P005012

HO2S Heater Control Bank 2 Sensor 1 Circuit Short to Battery

Air fuel ratio sensor heater current reaches the high limit (1 trip detection logic).

  • Short in air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1) heater circuit
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1)
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P0052

P005013

HO2S Heater Control Bank 2 Sensor 1 Circuit Open

Air fuel ratio sensor heater current is less than 0.8 A, even when the air fuel ratio sensor heater duty cycle is 30% or higher (1 trip detection logic).

  • Open or short in air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1) heater circuit
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1)
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P0051

P101A9E

A/F Sensor Heater Performance Bank 1 Sensor 1 Stuck On

Air fuel ratio sensor heater current is higher than the specified value while the heater is not operating (1 trip detection logic).

  • Short in air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1) heater circuit
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1)
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P101D

P103A9E

A/F Sensor Heater Performance Bank 2 Sensor 1 Stuck On

Air fuel ratio sensor heater current is higher than the specified value while the heater is not operating (1 trip detection logic).

  • Short in air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1) heater circuit
  • Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1)
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P103D

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM uses information from the air fuel ratio sensor to regulate the air fuel ratio and keep it close to the stoichiometric level. This maximizes the ability of the three-way catalytic converter to purify the exhaust gases.

The air fuel ratio sensor detects oxygen levels in the exhaust gas and transmits the information to the ECM. The inner surface of the sensor element is exposed to the outside air. The outer surface of the sensor element is exposed to the exhaust gas. The sensor element is made of platinum-coated zirconia and includes an integrated heating element.

The zirconia element generates a small voltage when there is a large difference in the oxygen concentrations between the exhaust gas and outside air. The platinum coating amplifies this voltage generation.

The air fuel ratio sensor is more efficient when heated. When the exhaust gas temperature is low, the sensor cannot generate useful voltage signals without supplementary heating. The ECM regulates the supplementary heating using a duty-cycle approach to adjust the average current in the sensor heater element. If the heater current is outside the normal range, the signal transmitted by the air fuel ratio sensor becomes inaccurate. As a result, the ECM is unable to regulate the air fuel ratio properly.

When the current in the air fuel ratio sensor heater is outside the normal operating range, the ECM interprets this as a malfunction in the sensor heater and stores a DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P0031: Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1) heater range check (low current)

P0032: Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1) heater range check (high current)

P0051: Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1) heater range check (low current)

P0052: Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1) heater range check (high current)

P101D: Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 1 sensor 1) heater performance

P103D: Air fuel ratio sensor (bank 2 sensor 1) heater performance

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Air fuel ratio sensor heater

Required Sensors/Components (Related)

-

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

Duration

10 seconds: P0031 and P0051

10.24 seconds: P0032 and P0052

1 second: P101D and P103D

MIL Operation

Immediate

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

P0031 and P0051

All of the following conditions are met

-

Battery voltage

10.5 V or higher

Time after heater on

5 seconds or more

Active heater off control

Not operating

Active heater on control

Not operating

Air fuel ratio sensor heater performance fail (P101D)

Not detected

Heater output duty cycle

30% or higher

P0032 and P0052

Monitor runs whenever the following DTCs are not stored

None

All of the following conditions are met

-

Battery voltage

10.5 V or higher

Time after heater on

5 seconds or more

Heater output duty cycle

Higher than 0%

Active heater off control

Not operating

Active heater on control

Not operating

P101D and P103D

All of the following conditions are met

-

Battery voltage

10.5 V or higher

Air fuel ratio sensor heater low current fail (P0031, P0051)

Not detected

Heater output duty cycle

Less than 60%

Active heater off control

Not operating

Active heater on control

Not operating

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

P0031 and P0051

Heater on current

Less than 0.8 A

P0032 and P0052

Both of the following conditions are met

-

Command to heater output

On

Heater current detected by heater monitor IC

14 A or higher

P101D and P103D

Both of the following conditions are met

-

Heater current detected by heater monitor IC

14 A or higher

Heater off current

Higher than 11 A

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

HINT:

  • After repair has been completed, clear the DTC and then check that the vehicle has returned to normal by performing the following All Readiness check procedure.

    Click here

  • When clearing the permanent DTCs, refer to the "CLEAR PERMANENT DTC" procedure.

    Click here

  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the engine switch on (IG).
  3. Turn the Techstream on.
  4. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).
  5. Turn the engine switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  6. Turn the engine switch on (IG) [A].
  7. Turn the Techstream on.
  8. Start the engine and idle it for 5 minutes or more [B].
  9. With the vehicle stationary, depress the accelerator pedal and maintain an engine speed of 3000 rpm for 1 minute [C].
  10. Idle the engine for 5 minutes or more [D].
  11. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes [E].
  12. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  13. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  14. Input the DTC: P003012, P003013, P005012, P005013, P101A9E or P103A9E.
  15. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Techstream Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result is NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result is ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result is INCOMPLETE, perform steps [B] through [E] again.
    • [A] to [E]: Normal judgment procedure.

      The normal judgment procedure is used to complete DTC judgment and also used when clearing permanent DTCs.

    • When clearing the permanent DTCs, do not disconnect the cable from the battery terminal or attempt to clear the DTCs during this procedure, as doing so will clear the universal trip and normal judgment histories.

WIRING DIAGRAM

Refer to DTC P219519.

Click here

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

Inspect the fuses for circuits related to this system before performing the following procedure.

HINT:

  • Refer to "Data List / Active Test" [A/F (O2) Sensor Heater Duty Ratio B1S1 and A/F (O2) Sensor Heater Duty Ratio B2S1].

    Click here

  • Bank 1 refers to the bank that includes the No. 1 cylinder*.

    *: The No. 1 cylinder is the cylinder which is farthest from the transaxle.

  • Bank 2 refers to the bank that does not include the No. 1 cylinder.
  • Sensor 1 refers to the sensor closest to the engine assembly.
  • Sensor 2 refers to the sensor farthest away from the engine assembly.
  • Change the fuel injection volume using the Control the Injection Volume for A/F Sensor function provided in the Active Test and monitor the air fuel ratio sensor output voltage (Click here ). If the sensor output voltage does not change (almost no reaction) while performing the Active Test, the sensor may be malfunctioning.
  • Read freeze frame data using the Techstream. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

INSPECT AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR (HEATER RESISTANCE)

(a) Inspect the air fuel ratio sensor.

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the air fuel ratio sensor.

Click here

NG

REPLACE AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR

OK

2.

CHECK TERMINAL VOLTAGE (POWER SOURCE OF AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR)

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Air Fuel Ratio Sensor)

*b

Bank 1

*c

Bank 2

-

-

(a) Disconnect the air fuel ratio sensor connector.

(b) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(c) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

C47-2 (+B) - Body ground

Engine switch on (IG)

11 to 14 V

C48-2 (+B) - Body ground

Engine switch on (IG)

11 to 14 V

NG

GO TO STEP 6

OK

3.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the air fuel ratio sensor connector.

(b) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

C47-1 (HA1A) - C56-52 (HA1A)

Always

Below 1 Ω

C48-1 (HA2A) - C56-17 (HA2A)

Always

Below 1 Ω

C47-1 (HA1A) or C56-52 (HA1A) - Body ground and other terminals

Always

10 kΩ or higher

C48-1 (HA2A) or C56-17 (HA2A) - Body ground and other terminals

Always

10 kΩ or higher

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

OK

4.

CLEAR DTC

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Clear the DTC.

Powertrain > Engine > Clear DTCs

(e) Turn the engine switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

NEXT

5.

CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P003012, P003013, P005012, P005013, P101A9E OR P103A9E)

(a) Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in Confirmation Driving Pattern.

(b) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes.

(c) Read the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes

Result

Proceed to

DTCs are not output

A

DTC P003012, P003013, P005012, P005013, P101A9E or P103A9E is output

B

A

CHECK FOR INTERMITTENT PROBLEMS

B

REPLACE ECM

6.

INSPECT EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY

(a) Inspect the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay.

Click here

NG

REPLACE EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY

OK

7.

CHECK TERMINAL VOLTAGE (POWER SOURCE OF EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY)

*1

No. 1 Engine Room Relay Block and No. 1 Junction Block Assembly

*2

EFI-MAIN NO. 3 Relay

(a) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(b) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

3 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - Body ground

Always

11 to 14 V

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (BATTERY - EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY)

OK

8.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY - BODY GROUND)

(a) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(b) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

1 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - Body ground

Always

Below 1 Ω

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

OK

9.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY - AIR FUEL RATIO SENSOR)

(a) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(b) Disconnect the air fuel ratio sensor connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

5 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - C47-2 (+B)

Always

Below 1 Ω

5 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - C48-2 (+B)

Always

Below 1 Ω

5 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) or C47-2 (+B) - Body ground and other terminals

Always

10 kΩ or higher

5 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) or C48-2 (+B) - Body ground and other terminals

Always

10 kΩ or higher

OK

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (EFI-MAIN NO. 1 RELAY - EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY)

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

    Fuel Rail Pressure Sensor "A" Signal Stuck in Range (P01902A,P019064)

    Crankshaft Position Sensor "A" Circuit Intermittent (P03351F,P03352A,P033531)

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