Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual: Fuel Rail / System Pressure - Too Low (P008700)

Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual / Engine / A25a-fxs Engine Control / Sfi System / Fuel Rail / System Pressure - Too Low (P008700)

DESCRIPTION

The high-pressure direct injection fuel system consists of a spill control valve, check valve, fuel relief valve, fuel pressure sensor (for high pressure side), fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) and direct fuel injector assemblies. The spill control valve adjusts the return volume of high-pressure fuel. The check valve mechanically opens and closes the path to the fuel delivery pipe. The relief valve releases the fuel back to the fuel tank if there is a malfunction in the high-pressure fuel system. The fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) is installed to the cylinder head cover and operated by a cam installed to the end of the exhaust camshaft. Rotation of the camshaft moves the pump plunger inside the fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) up and down, pressurizing the fuel. The pressurized fuel opens the check valve and is pumped into the fuel delivery pipe. The ECM controls the spill control valve to adjust the fuel pressure between 3.0 and 25 MPa (31 and 255 kgf/cm2, 435 and 3625 psi) and monitors signals from the fuel pressure sensor (for high pressure side) to maintain the target fuel pressure.

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

MIL

Memory

Note

P008700

Fuel Rail / System Pressure - Too Low

Although the ECM is not requesting the fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) to open the spill control valve, fuel pressure decreases 5 MPa (51.0 kgf/cm2, 725 psi) from target pressure for about 10 seconds (1 trip detection logic).

  • Leak of fuel
  • Fuel pipe (fuel tank - fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side))
  • Fuel pipe (fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) - direct fuel injector assembly)
  • Direct fuel injector assembly
  • Fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side)
  • Fuel pump (for low pressure side)
  • Fuel pressure sensor (for high pressure side)
  • Fuel system
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P0087

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

If the fuel pressure (for high pressure side) decreases despite an increase request signal being sent to the fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side) by the ECM, the ECM will illuminate the MIL and store this DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P0087: Fuel pressure too low

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Fuel pressure sensor (for high pressure side)

Required Sensors/Components (Related)

-

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

Duration

About 10 seconds

MIL Operation

Immediate

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Monitor runs whenever the following DTCs are not stored

None

Time after engine start

0.2 seconds or more

Time after fuel cut finished

3 seconds or more

Target fuel pressure

Small change

Injection mode

Direct injection or dual injection

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

Both of the following conditions are met

-

Difference in fuel pressure between actual and target

Less than -5 MPa (-51.0 kgf/cm2, -725 psi)

Actual discharge rate of high pressure fuel pump

240 mm3/st or more

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

HINT:

  • When clearing the permanent DTCs, refer to the "CLEAR PERMANENT DTC" procedure.

    Click here

  • Permanent misfire and fuel system DTCs can only be cleared when performing the universal trip driving pattern when no malfunction is detected.
  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the power switch on (IG).
  3. Turn the Techstream on.
  4. Record the Freeze Frame Data.
  5. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).
  6. Turn the power switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  7. Turn the power switch on (IG).
  8. Turn the Techstream on.
  9. Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

    Click here

  10. Start the engine.
  11. Based on the engine speed, engine load, injection mode and other conditions displayed in the Freeze Frame Data, reproduce the conditions present when the DTC was stored.
  12. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes.
  13. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  14. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  15. Input the DTC: P008700.
  16. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Techstream Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result is NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result is ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

  • Vehicle Control History may be stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly if the engine is malfunctioning. Certain vehicle condition information is recorded when Vehicle Control History is stored. Reading the vehicle conditions recorded in both the Freeze Frame Data and Vehicle Control History can be useful for troubleshooting.

    Click here

    (Select Powertrain in Health Check and then check the time stamp data.)

    Click here

  • If any "Engine Malfunction" Vehicle Control History item has been stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly, make sure to clear it. However, as all Vehicle Control History items are cleared simultaneously, if any Vehicle Control History items other than "Engine Malfunction" are stored, make sure to perform any troubleshooting for them before clearing Vehicle Control History.

    Click here

HINT:

Read Freeze Frame Data using the Techstream. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as Freeze Frame Data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, Freeze Frame Data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK FUEL LEAK

(a) Check around and beneath the vehicle for fuel leaks, fumes, etc.

OK:

No fuel leaks present.

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE FUEL LEAK POINT

OK

2.

CHECK OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P008700)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes.

(e) Read the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes

Result

Proceed to

DTC P008700 is output

A

DTC P008700 and other DTCs are output

B

HINT:

If any DTCs other than P008700 are output, troubleshoot those DTCs first.

B

GO TO DTC CHART

A

3.

CONFIRM IF VEHICLE HAS RUN OUT OF FUEL IN PAST

(a) Has the vehicle run out of fuel in the past?

YES

DTC CAUSED BY RUNNING OUT OF FUEL

NO

4.

CHECK MISFIRE COUNT OF DIRECT INJECTION

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

Powertrain > Hybrid Control > Utility

Tester Display

Inspection Mode

(e) Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature reaches 75°C (167°F) or higher.

(f) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Control the Injection Mode / Data List / Coolant Temperature, Injection Mode and Misfire Count Cylinder #1 to Misfire Count Cylinder #4.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Injection Mode

Data List Display

Coolant Temperature

Injection Mode

Misfire Count Cylinder #1

Misfire Count Cylinder #2

Misfire Count Cylinder #3

Misfire Count Cylinder #4

(g) According to the display on the Techstream, read the Data List with the Active Test "Control the Injection Mode" set to Direct.

Injection Mode

Misfire Count

Proceed to

Direct

There are no misfire counts

A

3 cylinders or more have misfire counts

1 or 2 cylinders have misfire counts

B

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the direct fuel injector assembly.

Click here

B

REPLACE DIRECT FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

A

5.

INSPECT FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR (FOR HIGH PRESSURE SIDE)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

Powertrain > Hybrid Control > Utility

Tester Display

Inspection Mode

(e) Start the engine.

(f) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Fuel Pressure (High).

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Fuel Pressure (High)

(g) Check that the fuel pressure fluctuates when the engine condition changes from idling to racing.

Result

Proceed to

Fuel pressure does not rise

A

Fuel pressure does not fluctuate

B

Fuel pressure fluctuates

C

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pressure sensor (for high pressure side).

Click here

B

REPLACE FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR (FOR HIGH PRESSURE SIDE)

C

GO TO STEP 8

A

6.

CHECK FUEL PUMP OPERATION (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

(a) Check the fuel pump operation (for low pressure side).

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pump (for low pressure side).

Click here

NG

REPLACE FUEL PUMP (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

OK

7.

CHECK FUEL PRESSURE (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

(a) Check the fuel pressure (for low pressure side).

Click here

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE FUEL SYSTEM

OK

8.

REPLACE FUEL PUMP ASSEMBLY (FOR HIGH PRESSURE SIDE)

(a) Replace the fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side).

Click here

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pump assembly (for high pressure side).

Click here

NEXT

9.

CLEAR DTC

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Clear the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Clear DTCs

(e) Turn the power switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

NEXT

10.

CHECK IF DTC OUTPUT RECURS (SEE IF DTC P008700 IS OUTPUT AGAIN)

(a) Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in Confirmation Driving Pattern.

(b) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes.

(c) Read the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes

Result

Proceed to

DTCs are not output

A

DTC P008700 is output

B

A

END

B

REPLACE ECM

    Manifold Absolute Pressure - Barometric Pressure Correlation (P006900)

    Fuel Rail / System Pressure - Too High (P008800)

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