Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual: Evaporative Emission Canister (Small Leak) (P142000,P142100)

Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual / Engine / A25a-fxs Engine Control / Sfi System / Evaporative Emission Canister (Small Leak) (P142000,P142100)

DTC SUMMARY

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

MIL

Memory

Note

P142000

Evaporative Emission Canister (Small Leak)

Leak detection pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in EVAP system and EVAP system pressure is measured. Reference pressure is measured at the start and at the end of leak check. If stabilized pressure is higher than second reference pressure, ECM determines that EVAP system has a small leak.

  • EVAP leak (purge VSV - canister - fuel vapor-containment valve)
  • Purge VSV
  • Connector/wire harness (purge VSV - ECM)
  • Canister pump module
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P1420

P142100

Evaporative Emission Canister (Gross Leak)

Leak detection pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in EVAP system and EVAP system pressure is measured. Reference pressure is measured at the start and at the end of leak check. If stabilized pressure is higher than [second reference pressure x 0.2], ECM determines that EVAP system has a large leak.

  • EVAP leak (purge VSV - canister - fuel vapor-containment valve)
  • Purge VSV
  • Connector/wire harness (purge VSV - ECM)
  • Canister pump module
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P1421

DTC No.

Monitoring Item

Detection Timing

Detection Logic

SAE Code

P142000

Canister small leak

EVAP monitoring

(Power switch off)

2 trip

P1420

P142100

Canister gross leak

P1421

DESCRIPTION

Refer to EVAP (evaporative emission) System.

Click here

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

  1. P142000: EVAP (evaporative emission) small leak

    In operation C, the leak detection pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in the EVAP system and the EVAP system pressure is measured. If the stabilized system pressure is higher than the second reference pressure, the ECM determines that the EVAP system has a small leak, illuminates the MIL and stores the DTC (2 trip detection logic).

  2. P142100: EVAP gross leak

    In operation C, the leak detection pump creates negative pressure (vacuum) in the EVAP system and the EVAP system pressure is measured. If the stabilized system pressure is higher than [second reference pressure x 0.2] (near atmospheric pressure), the ECM determines that the EVAP system has a large leak, illuminates the MIL and stores the DTC (2 trip detection logic).

MONITOR STRATEGY

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Purge VSV

Canister pump module

Required Sensors/Components (Related)

-

Frequency of Operation

Once per driving cycle

Duration

Within 20 minutes

MIL Operation

2 driving cycles

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Key-off monitor runs when all of the following conditions are met

-

Atmospheric pressure

70 kPa(abs) [10.2 psi(abs)] or higher, and less than 110 kPa(abs) [16 psi(abs)]

Auxiliary battery voltage

10.5 V or higher

Vehicle speed

Less than 4 km/h (2.5 mph)

Power switch

Off

Engine condition

Not running

Key-OFF duration

5, 7 or 9.5 hours

Pressure sensor of canister pump module malfunction (P0451, P0452, P0453)

Not detected

Fuel tank pressure sensor malfunction (P1451, P1452, P1453)

Not detected

Purge VSV

Not operated by scan tool

Vent valve

Not operated by scan tool

Fuel vapor-containment valve

Not operated by scan tool

Leak detection pump

Not operated by scan tool

Purge flow before key-OFF

Performed

Engine coolant temperature

4.4°C (39.9°F) or higher, and less than 35°C (95°F)

Intake air temperature

4.4°C (39.9°F) or higher, and less than 35°C (95°F)

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

P1420: EVAP Small Leak

EVAP pressure when vacuum introduction for canister was complete

Between conditions 1 and 2

Condition 1

Higher than second reference pressure

Condition 2

Lower than [second reference pressure x 0.2]

P1421: EVAP Gross Leak

EVAP pressure when vacuum introduction for canister was complete

Higher than [second reference pressure x 0.2]

MONITOR RESULT

Refer to EVAP system.

Click here

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

NOTICE:

  • The Evaporative System Check (Automatic Mode) consists of 9 steps performed automatically by the Techstream. It takes a maximum of approximately 40 minutes.
  • Do not perform the Evaporative System Check when the fuel tank is higher than 90% full because the cut-off valve may be closed, making the fuel tank leak check unavailable.
  • Do not start the engine during this operation.
  • When the temperature of the fuel is 35°C (95°F) or higher, a large amount of vapor will from and any check result will be inaccurate. When performing the Evaporative System Check, keep the fuel temperature less than 35°C (95°F).

HINT:

  • After repair has been completed, clear the DTC and then check that the vehicle has returned to normal by performing the following All Readiness check procedure.

    Click here

  • When clearing the permanent DTCs, refer to the "CLEAR PERMANENT DTC" procedure.

    Click here

  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the power switch on (IG).
  3. Turn the Techstream on.
  4. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).
  5. Turn the power switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  6. Turn the power switch on (IG) [A].
  7. Turn the Techstream on.
  8. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / Evaporative System Check / Automatic Mode [B].
  9. After the "Evaporative System Check" is completed, check for All Readiness by entering the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  10. Input the DTC: P142000 or P142100.
  11. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Techstream Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result is NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result is ABNORMAL, the system is malfunctioning.
    • [A] to [B]: Normal judgment procedure.

      The normal judgment procedure is used to complete DTC judgment and also used when clearing permanent DTCs.

    • When clearing the permanent DTCs, do not disconnect the cable from the auxiliary battery terminal or attempt to clear the DTCs during this procedure, as doing so will clear the universal trip and normal judgment histories.

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

  • Vehicle Control History may be stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly if the engine is malfunctioning. Certain vehicle condition information is recorded when Vehicle Control History is stored. Reading the vehicle conditions recorded in both the Freeze Frame Data and Vehicle Control History can be useful for troubleshooting.

    Click here

    (Select Powertrain in Health Check and then check the time stamp data.)

    Click here

  • If any "Engine Malfunction" Vehicle Control History item has been stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly, make sure to clear it. However, as all Vehicle Control History items are cleared simultaneously, if any Vehicle Control History items other than "Engine Malfunction" are stored, make sure to perform any troubleshooting for them before clearing Vehicle Control History.

    Click here

PROCEDURE

1.

GO TO EVAP SYSTEM

(a) Refer to EVAP System.

Click here

NEXT

END

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