Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual: Low Pressure Fuel System Pressure - Too Low (P008A00)

Toyota Avalon Service & Repair Manual / Engine / 2gr-fks Engine Control / Sfi System / Low Pressure Fuel System Pressure - Too Low (P008A00)

DESCRIPTION

In order to supply the optimal fuel pressure according to the driving conditions and usage environment, the variable fuel system sends a drive signal from the ECM to the fuel pump control ECU assembly, steplessly performing variable control of the fuel pump (for low pressure side) and receiving feedback about the fuel pressure (for low pressure side) from the fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side).

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

MIL

Memory

Note

P008A00

Low Pressure Fuel System Pressure - Too Low

Actual fuel pressure (for low pressure side) value less than target fuel pressure (for low pressure side) by threshold or more (1 trip detection logic).

  • Leak of fuel
  • Fuel pump control ECU
  • Fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side)
  • Fuel pump (for low pressure side)
  • Fuel main valve assembly (for high pressure)
  • ECM

Does not come on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P008A

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

If the fuel pressure (for low pressure side) decreases despite an increase request signal being sent to the fuel pump control ECU by the ECM, the ECM will store this DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the engine switch on (IG).
  3. Turn the Techstream on.
  4. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).
  5. Turn the engine switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  6. Turn the engine switch on (IG) [A].
  7. Turn the Techstream on.
  8. Start the engine and warm it up until the engine coolant temperature reaches 75°C (167°F) or higher [B].
  9. Drive the vehicle for 15 minutes or more [C].

    CAUTION:

    When performing the confirmation driving pattern, obey all speed limits and traffic laws.

  10. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes [D].
  11. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  12. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  13. Input the DTC: P008A00.
  14. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Techstream Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result is NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result is ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result is INCOMPLETE, perform steps [B] through [D] again.

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

Read freeze frame data using the Techstream. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as freeze frame data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, freeze frame data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK FUEL LEAK

(a) Check around and beneath the vehicle for fuel leaks, fumes, etc.

OK:

No fuel leaks present.

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE FUEL LEAK POINT

OK

2.

CHECK OTHER DTCS OUTPUT (IN ADDITION TO DTC P008A00)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes.

(e) Read the DTCs.

Powertrain > Engine > Trouble Codes

Result

Proceed to

DTC P008A00 is output

A

DTC P008A00 and other DTCs are output

B

HINT:

If any DTCs other than P008A00 are output, troubleshoot those DTCs first.

B

GO TO DTC CHART

A

3.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING TECHSTREAM (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO)

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio.

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Tester Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio

(e) Check whether the fuel pump operating sound occurs when performing the Active Test on the Techstream.

Standard:

Techstream Operation

Standard

High

Operating sounds can be heard from fuel pump (for low pressure side)

NG

GO TO FUEL PUMP CONTROL CIRCUIT

OK

4.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING TECHSTREAM (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO)

(a) Discharge the fuel pressure.

HINT:

DTCs may be stored during this inspection. Check for DTCs and clear them using the Techstream.

(1) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(2) Start the engine.

(3) After the engine has stopped on its own, turn the engine switch off.

HINT:

If the engine does not stop naturally, perform direct injection by racing the engine to reduce the fuel pressure [Fuel Pressure (High)] and stop the engine.

(4) Crank the engine again and make sure that the engine does not start.

(5) Install the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse.

(b) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(c) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(d) Turn the Techstream on.

(e) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio / Data List / Fuel Pressure (Low).

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio

Data List Display

Fuel Pressure (Low)

(f) Read the value displayed on the Techstream when the Active Test was performed.

Standard:

Techstream Operation

Standard

Low to High

When switching from Low to High, Fuel Pressure (Low) value changes

HINT:

Once the fuel pressure becomes high, the fuel pressure will not decrease, even when switched from High to Low. Therefore, make sure that the fuel pressure is low before checking that the fuel pressure changes when switching from Low to High.

NG

GO TO STEP 10

OK

5.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING TECHSTREAM (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO)

(a) Discharge the fuel pressure.

HINT:

DTCs may be stored during this inspection. Check for DTCs and clear them using the Techstream.

(1) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(2) Start the engine.

(3) After the engine has stopped on its own, turn the engine switch off.

HINT:

If the engine does not stop naturally, perform direct injection by racing the engine to reduce the fuel pressure [Fuel Pressure (High)] and stop the engine.

(4) Crank the engine again and make sure that the engine does not start.

(5) Install the EFI-MAIN NO. 2 fuse.

(b) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(c) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(d) Turn the Techstream on.

(e) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio / Data List / Fuel Pressure (Low).

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio

Data List Display

Fuel Pressure (Low)

(f) Read the value displayed on the Techstream when the Active Test was performed.

Standard:

Techstream Operation

Fuel Pressure (Low)

Low

50 kPag or higher

High

420 kPag or higher

HINT:

Once the fuel pressure becomes high, the fuel pressure will not decrease, even when switched from High to Low. Therefore, make sure that the fuel pressure is low before checking that the fuel pressure changes when switching from Low to High.

OK:

Actual Low and High values are as shown above.

NG

GO TO STEP 9

OK

6.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING TECHSTREAM (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO)

(a) Install the fuel pressure gauge (for low pressure line of low pressure side).

Click here

(b) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(c) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(d) Turn the Techstream on.

(e) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio / Data List / Fuel Pressure (Low).

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio

Data List Display

Fuel Pressure (Low)

(f) Compare the values in the Data List using the Techstream and the fuel pressure gauge when the Active Test was performed.

Standard:

Techstream Operation

Result

Low

Data List value and fuel pressure gauge are within +/-50 kPa of each other

High

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side).

Click here

NG

REPLACE FUEL DELIVERY PIPE RH (FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE))

OK

7.

CLEAR DTC

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Clear the DTC.

Powertrain > Engine > Clear DTCs

(e) Turn the engine switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.

NEXT

8.

CHECK WHETHER DTC OUTPUT RECURS (DTC P008A00)

(a) Drive the vehicle in accordance with the driving pattern described in Confirmation Driving Pattern.

(b) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.

Powertrain > Engine > Utility

Tester Display

All Readiness

(c) Input the DTC: P008A00.

(d) Check the DTC judgment result.

Result

Proceed to

NORMAL

(DTCs are not output)

A

ABNORMAL

(DTC P008A00 is output)

B

A

CHECK FOR INTERMITTENT PROBLEMS

B

REPLACE ECM

9.

READ VALUE USING TECHSTREAM (FUEL PRESSURE (LOW))

(a) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(b) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(c) Turn the Techstream on.

(d) Start the engine.

(e) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Fuel Pressure (Low).

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Fuel Pressure (Low)

(f) Record the Fuel Pressure (Low) value.

(g) Turn the engine switch off.

(h) Wait for 10 seconds.

(i) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(j) Turn the Techstream on.

(k) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Data List / Fuel Pressure (Low).

Powertrain > Engine > Data List

Tester Display

Fuel Pressure (Low)

(l) Compare the Fuel Pressure (Low) value recorded with the engine running to the Fuel Pressure (Low) value currently shown on the Techstream.

Result

Proceed to

Fuel Pressure (Low) value is maintained

A

Fuel Pressure (Low) value drops

B

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pump (for low pressure side).

Click here

A

REPLACE FUEL PUMP (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE)

B

REPLACE FUEL MAIN VALVE ASSEMBLY (FOR HIGH PRESSURE)

10.

PERFORM ACTIVE TEST USING TECHSTREAM (CONTROL THE FUEL PUMP DUTY RATIO)

(a) Install the fuel pressure gauge (for low pressure line of low pressure side).

Click here

(b) Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.

(c) Turn the engine switch on (IG).

(d) Turn the Techstream on.

(e) Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Active Test / Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio / Data List / Fuel Pressure (Low).

Powertrain > Engine > Active Test

Active Test Display

Control the Fuel Pump Duty Ratio

Data List Display

Fuel Pressure (Low)

(f) Read the values in the Data List using the Techstream and the fuel pressure gauge when the Active Test was performed.

Techstream Operation

Result

Proceed to

Low to High

Data List value does not change, but fuel pressure gauge changes

A

Data List value and fuel pressure gauge do not change

B

HINT:

Perform "Inspection After Repair" after replacing the fuel pressure sensor (for low pressure side).

Click here

A

REPLACE FUEL DELIVERY PIPE RH (FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR (FOR LOW PRESSURE SIDE))

B

REPLACE FUEL PUMP CONTROL ECU

    EVAP System Tank Vapor Line Restricted/Blocked (P00FE00)

    Low Pressure Fuel System Pressure - Too High (P008B00)

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