Toyota Avalon (XX50) 2019-2022 Service & Repair Manual: Engine Coolant Pump No Signal (P26CA31)

DESCRIPTION

Refer to DTC P26CA12.

Click here

DTC No.

Detection Item

DTC Detection Condition

Trouble Area

MIL

Memory

Note

P26CA31

Engine Coolant Pump No Signal

The speed of the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly calculated from the WPI signal is less than 10 rpm (open or short in the WPI circuit) (1 trip detection logic).

  • Open or short in water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly circuit
  • Water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly
  • EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay
  • ECM

Comes on

DTC stored

SAE Code: P26CA

Related Data List

DTC No.

Data List

P26CA31

  • Coolant Temperature
  • Electric Water Pump Target Speed
  • Electric Water Pump Speed

MONITOR DESCRIPTION

The ECM receives a frequency signal (WPI) from the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly and calculates the speed of the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly. As the frequency signal (WPI) is 4 Hz when the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly is stopped to enable the ECM to detect an open or short in the signal line, the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly speed will be displayed as approximately 160 rpm even when the pump is stopped. If the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly speed is calculated to be less than 10 rpm, the ECM judges that there is an open or short in the WPI circuit and stores this DTC.

MONITOR STRATEGY

Related DTCs

P26CA: Engine water pump circuit verify pulse input

Required Sensors/Components (Main)

Water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly

Required Sensors/Components (Related)

-

Frequency of Operation

Continuous

Duration

15 seconds

MIL Operation

Immediate

Sequence of Operation

None

TYPICAL ENABLING CONDITIONS

Monitor runs whenever the following DTCs are not stored

None

All of the following conditions are met

-

Auxiliary battery voltage

8 V or higher

Power switch

On (IG)

Time after power switch off to on (IG)

0.5 seconds or more

TYPICAL MALFUNCTION THRESHOLDS

Engine water pump speed

Less than 10 rpm

CONFIRMATION DRIVING PATTERN

HINT:

  • After repair has been completed, clear the DTC and then check that the vehicle has returned to normal by performing the following All Readiness check procedure.

    Click here

  • When clearing the permanent DTCs, refer to the "CLEAR PERMANENT DTC" procedure.

    Click here

  1. Connect the Techstream to the DLC3.
  2. Turn the power switch on (IG).
  3. Turn the Techstream on.
  4. Clear the DTCs (even if no DTCs are stored, perform the clear DTC procedure).
  5. Turn the power switch off and wait for at least 30 seconds.
  6. Turn the power switch on (IG) [A].
  7. Turn the Techstream on.
  8. Put the engine in Inspection Mode (Maintenance Mode).

    Click here

  9. Start the engine and maintain the engine speed at 2500 rpm or more for at least 40 seconds [B].
  10. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Trouble Codes [C].
  11. Read the pending DTCs.

    HINT:

    • If a pending DTC is output, the system is malfunctioning.
    • If a pending DTC is not output, perform the following procedure.
  12. Enter the following menus: Powertrain / Engine / Utility / All Readiness.
  13. Input the DTC: P26CA31.
  14. Check the DTC judgment result.

    Techstream Display

    Description

    NORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System normal

    ABNORMAL

    • DTC judgment completed
    • System abnormal

    INCOMPLETE

    • DTC judgment not completed
    • Perform driving pattern after confirming DTC enabling conditions

    HINT:

    • If the judgment result is NORMAL, the system is normal.
    • If the judgment result is ABNORMAL, the system has a malfunction.
    • If the judgment result is INCOMPLETE, perform steps [B] through [C] again.
    • [A] to [C]: Normal judgment procedure.

      The normal judgment procedure is used to complete DTC judgment and also used when clearing permanent DTCs.

    • When clearing the permanent DTCs, do not disconnect the cable from the auxiliary battery terminal or attempt to clear the DTCs during this procedure, as doing so will clear the universal trip and normal judgment histories.

WIRING DIAGRAM

Refer to DTC P26CA12.

Click here

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

NOTICE:

  • Inspect the fuses for circuits related to this system before performing the following procedure.
  • Vehicle Control History may be stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly if the engine is malfunctioning. Certain vehicle condition information is recorded when Vehicle Control History is stored. Reading the vehicle conditions recorded in both the Freeze Frame Data and Vehicle Control History can be useful for troubleshooting.

    Click here

    (Select Powertrain in Health Check and then check the time stamp data.)

    Click here

  • If any "Engine Malfunction" Vehicle Control History item has been stored in the hybrid vehicle control ECU assembly, make sure to clear it. However, as all Vehicle Control History items are cleared simultaneously, if any Vehicle Control History items other than "Engine Malfunction" are stored, make sure to perform any troubleshooting for them before clearing Vehicle Control History.

    Click here

HINT:

Read Freeze Frame Data using the Techstream. The ECM records vehicle and driving condition information as Freeze Frame Data the moment a DTC is stored. When troubleshooting, Freeze Frame Data can help determine if the vehicle was moving or stationary, if the engine was warmed up or not, if the air fuel ratio was lean or rich, and other data from the time the malfunction occurred.

PROCEDURE

1.

CHECK TERMINAL VOLTAGE (POWER SOURCE OF WATER INLET HOUSING WITH WATER PUMP SUB-ASSEMBLY)

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Water Inlet Housing with Water Pump Sub-assembly)

(a) Disconnect the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly connector.

(b) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(c) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

C39-5 (NWP) - Body ground

Power switch on (IG)

11 to 14 V

NG

GO TO STEP 8

OK

2.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (WATER INLET HOUSING WITH WATER PUMP SUB-ASSEMBLY - BODY GROUND)

(a) Disconnect the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly connector.

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

C39-3 (PGN2) - Body ground

Always

Below 1 Ω

C39-6 (PGND) - Body ground

Always

Below 1 Ω

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

OK

3.

CHECK TERMINAL VOLTAGE (POWER SOURCE OF WATER INLET HOUSING WITH WATER PUMP SUB-ASSEMBLY)

*a

Front view of wire harness connector

(to Water Inlet Housing with Water Pump Sub-assembly)

(a) Disconnect the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly connector.

(b) Turn the power switch on (IG).

(c) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

C39-1 (+B2) - Body ground

Power switch on (IG)

11 to 14 V

C39-4 (+B) - Body ground

Power switch on (IG)

11 to 14 V

OK

REPLACE WATER INLET HOUSING WITH WATER PUMP SUB-ASSEMBLY

NG

4.

INSPECT EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY

(a) Inspect the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay.

Click here

NG

REPLACE EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY

OK

5.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (POWER SOURCE OF EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY)

*1

No. 1 Engine Room Relay Block and No. 1 Junction Block Assembly

*2

EFI-MAIN NO. 3 Relay

(a) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(b) Measure the voltage according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Voltage:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

3 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - Body ground

Always

11 to 14 V

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (AUXILIARY BATTERY - EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY)

OK

6.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY - BODY GROUND)

(a) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(b) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

1 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - Body ground

Always

Below 1 Ω

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

OK

7.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY - WATER INLET HOUSING WITH WATER PUMP SUB-ASSEMBLY)

(a) Remove the EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay from the No. 1 engine room relay block and No. 1 junction block assembly.

(b) Disconnect the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

5 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - C39-1 (+B2)

Always

Below 1 Ω

5 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay) - C39-4 (+B)

Always

Below 1 Ω

5 (EFI-MAIN NO. 3 relay), C39-1 (+B2) or C39-4 (+B) - Body ground and other terminals

Always

10 kΩ or higher

OK

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR (EFI-MAIN NO. 1 RELAY - EFI-MAIN NO. 3 RELAY)

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

8.

CHECK HARNESS AND CONNECTOR (WATER INLET HOUSING WITH WATER PUMP SUB-ASSEMBLY - ECM)

(a) Disconnect the water inlet housing with water pump sub-assembly connector.

(b) Disconnect the ECM connector.

(c) Measure the resistance according to the value(s) in the table below.

Standard Resistance:

Tester Connection

Condition

Specified Condition

C39-5 (NWP) - C55-51 (WPI)

Always

Below 1 Ω

C39-5 (NWP) or C55-51 (WPI) - Body ground and other terminals

Always

10 kΩ or higher

OK

REPLACE ECM

NG

REPAIR OR REPLACE HARNESS OR CONNECTOR

    Engine Coolant Pump Circuit Short to Ground or Open (P26CA14)

    Engine Coolant Pump Actuator Stuck (P26CB71)

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